Muslim Brotherhood entered Europe in the 1950s, driven in part by the crackdown in Egypt by its secular government.
Among the first Muslim Brotherhood members to arrive in Europe was a group led by Sa'id Ramadan, the son-in-law of Hassan al-Banna, the founder of Muslim Brotherhood who had been killed by the Egyptian government. Financed by Saudi Arabia, Sa'id Ramadan's group established beachheads in Geneva, Switzerland and Munich, Germany, where a network of Muslim Brotherhood organizations and mosques soon surfaced.
Starting in the 1960s, the Muslim Brotherhood spread across Europe, spearheaded, as in America, by Muslim student groups that spawned other groups as its members graduated and entered society. Prominent examples include the following:
• Forum for European Muslim Youth and Student Organizations (FEMYSO) is an umbrella group that represents 42 national and international Islamic student and youth organizations in 26 European countries; it is based in Brussels, the seat of European Parliament, which it lobbies.
• Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe (FIOE) is an umbrella group with chapters in 22 European countries; it is based in Leicestershire, UK but fields a large office in Brussels, Belgium to also lobby the European Parliament.
• Union of Islamic Organizations in France (Union des Organisations Islamiques de France (UOIF) has over 200 member organizations and owns or directs over 250 mosques in France; UOIF is a member of FIOE.
• Germany's Central Council of Muslims in Germany (Zentralrat der Muslime in Deutschland - ZMD), Islamic Society of Germany (Islamische Gemeinschaft Deutschland - IGD), and Milli Görüş (Islamische Gemeinschaft Milli Görüş).
• Italy's Union of the Islamic Communities and Organizations in Italy (Unione delle Comunita' ed Organizzazioni Islamiche in Italia).
In recent years, Muslims flooding into Europe as refugees of the war in Syria have significantly boosted Muslim Brotherhood organizations across Europe and spawned new chapters, including in Sweden and the Czech Republic.
To avoid the tightening surveillance of the UK government, Muslim Brotherhood moved its European headquarters from London to Graz, Austria, in 2014.
Continued: Muslim Brotherhood UK
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